AskDefine | Define battery

Dictionary Definition

battery

Noun

1 group of guns or missile launchers operated together at one place
2 a device that produces electricity; may have several primary or secondary cells arranged in parallel or series [syn: electric battery]
3 a collection of related things intended for use together; "took a battery of achievement tests"
4 a unit composed of the pitcher and catcher
5 a series of stamps operated in one mortar for crushing ores [syn: stamp battery]
6 the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific target; "they laid down a barrage in front of the advancing troops"; "the shelling went on for hours without pausing" [syn: barrage, barrage fire, bombardment, shelling]
7 an assault in which the assailant makes physical contact [syn: assault and battery]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From batterie, from baterie, from bauttere.

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A device that produces electricity by a chemical reaction between two substances.
  2. The crime or tort of intentionally striking another person.
  3. A coordinated group of artillery.
  4. An array of similar things.
    Schoolchildren take a battery of standard tests to measure their progress.
  5. A set of small cages where hens are kept for the purpose of farming their eggs.
  6. The catcher and the pitcher together
  7. Two or more pieces on the same rank, file, or diagonal

Translations

device producing electricity
  • Arabic:
  • Chinese: 电池 (diànchí)
  • Crimean Tatar: batareya
  • Croatian: baterija
  • Czech: baterie, baterka
  • Dutch: batterij
  • Finnish: paristo (not rechargeable), akku (rechargeable)
  • French: pile
  • German: Batterie
  • Hebrew: סוֹלְלָה (solela) , בטריה (bat'aria) (slang)
  • Hungarian: elem, akkumulátor
  • Italian: pila
  • Japanese: 電池 (でんち, denchi)
  • Korean: 전지 (jeonji); 배터리 (baeteori)
  • Malay: bateri
  • Persian: باتری
  • Polish: bateria
  • Russian: батарея
  • Slovene: baterija
  • Spanish: pila
  • Swedish: batteri
crime of striking another
array of similar things
coordinated group of artillery
set of cages for hens
  • Dutch: legbatterij
  • French: batterie
  • German: Legebatterie

Extensive Definition

Battery may refer to:
  • Battery (electricity), an array of electrochemical cells for electricity storage; or one such cell
  • Battery, the act of injuring another person in a manner likely to cause bodily harm:
  • Artillery battery, an organized group of artillery pieces
    • A piece is "in battery" when it is loaded and ready to fire
    • A piece is "out of battery" if it is not ready to fire
  • An array of similar things, e.g. "Schoolchildren take a battery of standard tests to measure their progress."
  • Battery farming, a term for industrial agriculture
  • Battery (baseball), in baseball jargon, refers collectively to the pitcher and catcher.
  • In chess, a battery consists of two or more pieces on the same rank, file, or diagonal.

Placenames

Several places are named either for the historical locations of coastal defense artillery batteries, or for the fancied appearance thereof:

Music

Others

Etymology

"Battery" is derived from French batterie, from the verb French battre, Late Latin battuere = "to beat", of Germanic origin, compare Anglo-Saxon bēatan. Many of its modern uses arose as generalisations of the meaning artillery battery.
battery in Catalan: Bateria
battery in Czech: Baterie
battery in Danish: Batteri
battery in German: Batterie (Begriffsklärung)
battery in Spanish: Batería
battery in Basque: Bateria
battery in French: Batterie
battery in Korean: 배터리
battery in Italian: Batteria
battery in Hebrew: סוללה
battery in Lithuanian: Baterija (reikšmės)
battery in Dutch: Batterij
battery in Japanese: バッテリー
battery in Polish: Bateria
battery in Portuguese: Bateria
battery in Romanian: Baterie (dezambiguizare)
battery in Russian: Батарея
battery in Slovak: Batéria
battery in Slovenian: Baterija
battery in Serbian: Батерија (вишезначна одредница)
battery in Finnish: Patteri
battery in Ukrainian: Батарея
battery in Chinese: 巴特里

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

KP, Leyden jar, accumulator, amateur athlete, archer, army, army group, array, artillery, athlete, atomic battery, ballplayer, baseballer, baseman, bastinado, basting, batch, battalion, batter, battle group, beating, bells, belting, block, blocking back, body, bones, bowman, brigade, buffeting, bunch, bundle, cadre, caning, cannon, cannonry, castanets, catcher, celesta, cell, center, chime, chimes, clappers, clot, clubbing, clump, cluster, coach, coast artillery, cohort, column, combat command, combat team, company, competitor, corporal punishment, corps, cowhiding, crash cymbal, cricketer, cudgeling, cymbals, defensive lineman, detachment, detail, division, drubbing, dry cell, electronic battery, end, field army, field artillery, field train, file, finger cymbals, flagellation, flailing, flak, flogging, flying column, footballer, fuel cell, fustigation, gamelan, games-player, gamester, garrison, glockenspiel, gong, guard, handbells, heavy field artillery, horsewhipping, idiophone, infielder, jock, jumper, kit, kitchen police, lacing, lashing, legion, lineman, lot, lyra, maniple, maraca, marimba, metallophone, offensive lineman, orchestral bells, ordnance, organization, outfield, outfielder, outfit, pack, percussion, percussion instrument, percussions, percussive, phalanx, pistol-whipping, platoon, player, poloist, posse, professional athlete, pugilist, quarterback, racer, rank, rattle, rattlebones, rawhiding, regiment, scourging, section, series, set, siege artillery, siege engine, sizzler, skater, snappers, solar battery, spanking, sport, sportsman, squad, squadron, storage battery, storage cell, strapping, stripes, suit, suite, swingeing, switching, tackle, tactical unit, tailback, tam-tam, task force, thrashing, tintinnabula, tonitruone, toxophilite, train, trench artillery, triangle, troop, trouncing, truncheoning, tubular bells, unit, vibes, vibraphone, wet cell, whipping, wing, wingback, wrestler, xylophone
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